ChatGPT is, technically, a prodigy: this service offered by the OpenAI company is able to produce texts with such a sophisticated syntax and with so many variations that it is difficult to differentiate these creations from texts written by humans. However, ChatGPT is just the latest manifestation of a years-old technological evolution.
More and more sectors are faced with the emergence of these artificial intelligence (AI) tools which, after studying billions of fragments of sentences, images or computer codes, are able to perform tasks that we would have believed, a few years ago, inaccessible to the machine. This evolution is not without clashes or questions.
Stable Diffusion, Midjourney or DALL-E are the latest in the sector: appearing in 2022, these services make it possible to transform a short sentence or a few keywords into an image representing, with sometimes surprising accuracy, the objects or representations requested by the user. Many tasks once performed by illustrators are becoming accessible to people who lack drawing skills but who, instead, have learned to master the art of “prompt”that is, the ability to produce instructions sent to the machine to allow it to create an image from scratch.
For the past few months, we have seen the flowering of comic book projects produced entirely thanks to AI, prototypes of video games or even book covers. In October 2022, the Shutterstock image bank announced a partnership with OpenAI, in order to offer automatic illustration generation features directly on its platform using AI.
Ombremonde, illustrator member of the Union of Artist-Author Workers (STAA) CNT-SO, remembers his first impressions of these new products: “At first, many found it rather funny. We had a little fun with it. But, when artists began to realize that these services were using their works, it sparked a lot of debate. »
Beyond individual initiatives and calls for a boycott, a collective action was thus opened, on January 13, 2023 in the United States, by a group of authors and artists. against Stable Diffusion, accused of training his model on images without obtaining the consent of their authors. In the medium term, some illustrators fear that part of their work will be delegated to machines. “I fear that in the future we will be dispossessed of our workworries Shadowworld. For example, that we are increasingly asked to correct images generated by artificial intelligence. »
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